Six Sigma Certification and Training Articles
Six Sigma for IT Service Management
Companies are continuously under pressure to prove the value of IT to the business. Information Technology (IT) was introduced to the business a number of decades ago, and the need to “Align IT with business objectives” continues to be a top priority for CIOs. To help address this, organisations have turned to practices and quality methods that include IT Infrastructure Library (ITIL), and Six Sigma – combining them to measure the quality of service, and improve ITdependant business processes by focusing on the customers.
This article provides an appreciation of Six Sigma in IT and the techniques that have proven to work within IT Service Management. Moreover, this article provides an understanding of the difference between ITIL, the standard IT Best Practice, and Six Sigma.
Why Six Sigma?
Six Sigma is a process improvement model that enables organisations to streamline processes by reducing the number of defects. The sigma measure, s, represents the standard deviation, which indicates the amount of variation or inconsistency in a process. The target for quality equates to six standard deviations from the mean – Six Sigma. That is, eliminate variation from a process to no more than 3.4 defects per million opportunities. For an organisation running a global email system, 1/2% failure rate corresponds to 10,000 email messages either lost or delayed per million items delivered satisfactorily!
Where there is variation, there is cost: according to Quality America, the industry average is operating at four sigma, which corresponds to expending 15% of revenue fixing problems. At six sigma, organisations are spending less than 5% of revenue fixing problems. This is known as Cost of Poor Quality (COPQ) – and the dollar cost of this gap can be colossal. General Electric estimates that the gap between three or four sigma and Six Sigma was costing them between $8 billion and $12 billion per year.
Aligning ITIL with Six Sigma
ITIL Best Practice activities can be easily placed within the DMAIC model. Both approaches can be used independently; however, IT executives find it beneficial to embrace ITIL and Six Sigma together. ITIL provides a set of best practices to deliver and support IT services, it does not tell the quality status of your IT service performance nor how to improve it. The techniques of Six Sigma can be applied to identify critical IT areas requiring improvement, calculate process sigma, identify bottlenecks, and test hypotheses.
ITIL also advocates the Service Improvement Programme (SIP), which is aimed at improving the quality of service from a business perspective. The SIP provides the strongest correlation between ITIL and Six Sigma as Six Sigma techniques assist with choosing a good candidate for the SIP, and then measuring its ongoing success.
Common Six Sigma techniques used in ITIL environments are VOC, Pareto Charts, Failure Modes and Effects Analysis, Control charts, Process sigma value, and IT scorecard (similar to Balanced Scorecard – BSC); measuring and reporting how well the IT organisation is performing. The techniques also show the improved quality from using the ITIL best practices.
Many of these statistical techniques seem intimidating at first; however, there are tools in the market to automate some of the ITIL processes and Six Sigma techniques.
In summary, ITIL and Six Sigma help organisations improve the quality of IT service and gain focus on the customers, thereby improving the business bottomline.
ITIL and Six Sigma are complimentary to each other; ITIL provides a framework for IT Service Management based on a set of best practices to manage IT services. Six Sigma gives you a proven set of statistical techniques to measure and improve service quality. Organisations already embracing Six Sigma in IT include GE, Raytheon Aircraft, Textron, Fidelity Wide Processing, Sun Microsystems, American Express, Barclays’ Bank, and Bank of America.
An independent technology research firm, Forrester, comments “For companies already in the ITIL implementation, Forrester recommends enhancements to the measurement System through the use of Six Sigma.”
Lastly, some of the Six Sigma statistical techniques are well established and do not require you to be part of a Six Sigma company to use them. More importantly, you do not need to be a statistician to understand the techniques either – many tools are available to automate both ITIL processes and Six Sigma techniques.